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    秋冬季吃芡实 补中益气,益寿延龄
    2018-03-06 10:58:40    来源:新民晚报

      宋代苏轼是北宋文坛领袖,同时又是美食家兼食疗专家,著有养生专著《东坡养生篇》等书。他到老年仍保持身体健康。据他在著作中记述,他身体健康、腰腿壮健的原因,全都是因为他十年如一日地坚持食用煮熟的芡实,因此才上了花甲之年,依然才思敏捷,健步如飞。
     

      苏东坡研究的芡实吃法颇为奇异:时常取刚煮的芡实,放入口中,缓缓含嚼,直至津液满口,再鼓漱几遍,徐徐咽下。他每天用此法吃芡实数十粒,日复一日坚持不懈。苏轼还钟情芡实粥,每日一碗,将其作为自己的食疗佳品,他说:“粥既快养,粥后一觉,妙不可言也。”
     

      芡实,别名鸡头米、鸡头苞等。芡实是《黄帝内经》中记载的上品药材,也是常用的药食两用药材。《神农本草经》说芡实有“补中,益精气,强志,令耳目聪明”的功效。《本草经百种录》:“鸡头实,甘淡,得土之正味,乃脾肾之药也。脾恶湿而肾恶燥,鸡头实淡渗甘香,则不伤于湿,质粘味涩,而又滑泽肥润,则不伤干燥,凡脾肾之药,往往相反,而此则相成,故尤足贵也。”
     

      现在的中老年人用芡实进补,最简单的是学着苏东坡先生制作芡实粥:将炒芡实50克倒入锅内,加水煮开片刻,再加淘洗干净的大米100克,粥成即可食用。常吃可健身体,强筋骨,耳聪目明。吃芡实时宜慢火炖煮、细嚼慢咽。一次不能食用太多,方能起到充养身体的作用。中老年人一般很喜欢喝粥类食物,米粥的营养丰富容易消化,特别是放些有滋补作用的原料做的米粥效果会更好,芡实煮粥就非常好,如果在搭配上薏米和山药就味道更好了,滋补的功效也会更强。
     

      药书中说芡实有“老人食之延年”的效果,芡实在医书中记载“久食延龄益寿”。芡实能补中益气,提神强志,使人耳目聪明,久服使人轻身不饥,还能开胃助气及补肾固精。
     

      芡实具有“补而不峻”、“防燥不腻”的优势,芡实的补肾效果胜过于山药,祛湿效果不逊于红小豆,安神效果不输给莲子,可以说是一种被埋没的补益佳品。大家都知道秋冬季节比较干燥,芡实可以润燥但是又不寒凉,尤其是芡实粥很滋补,特别适合在秋冬季吃。(隽秀)


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